The effect of Escherichia coli endotoxin infusion on the ventilatory response to hypoxia in unanesthetized newborn piglets

Gwendolyn E. McDeigan, John Ladino, Dorothy Hehre, Carlos Devia, Eduardo Bancalari, Cleide Suguihara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To determine the effects of endotoxemia on the neonatal ventilatory response to hypoxia, 17 chronically instrumented and unanesthetized newborn piglets (≤7 d) were studied before and 30 min after the administration of Escherichia coli O55:B5 endotoxin (n = 8) or normal saline (n = 9). Minute ventilation, oxygen consumption, heart rate, arterial blood pressure, and blood gases were measured during normoxia and 10 min of hypoxia (fraction of inspired oxygen, 0.10). Basal ventilation was not modified by E. coli endotoxin infusion (mean ± SE, 516 ± 49 versus 539 ± 56 mL/min/kg), but the ventilatory response to hypoxia was markedly attenuated at 1 min (955 ± 57 versus 718 ± 97 mL/min/kg, p < 0.002, saline versus endotoxin) and at 10 min (788 ± 51 versus 624 ± 66 mL/min/kg, p < 0.002). A larger decrease in oxygen consumption was observed during hypoxia and endotoxemia (6.3 ± 2.8 versus 18.3 ± 2.7%, p < 0.03, pre- versus post-endotoxin). A significant correlation was demonstrated between the changes in minute ventilation and oxygen consumption with hypoxia during endotoxemia (r = 0.9, p < 0.002). The ventilatory response to hypoxia was not modified by the saline infusion. These data show a significant attenuation in the ventilatory response to hypoxia during E. coli endotoxemia. This decrease in ventilation was associated with a significant decrease in the metabolic rate during hypoxia and endotoxemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)950-955
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Research
Volume53
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Endotoxemia
Ventilation
Endotoxins
Oxygen Consumption
Escherichia coli
Escherichia coli endotoxin
Hypoxia
Arterial Pressure
Heart Rate
Gases
Oxygen

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

McDeigan, Gwendolyn E. ; Ladino, John ; Hehre, Dorothy ; Devia, Carlos ; Bancalari, Eduardo ; Suguihara, Cleide. / The effect of Escherichia coli endotoxin infusion on the ventilatory response to hypoxia in unanesthetized newborn piglets. In: Pediatric Research. 2003 ; Vol. 53, No. 6. pp. 950-955.
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abstract = "To determine the effects of endotoxemia on the neonatal ventilatory response to hypoxia, 17 chronically instrumented and unanesthetized newborn piglets (≤7 d) were studied before and 30 min after the administration of Escherichia coli O55:B5 endotoxin (n = 8) or normal saline (n = 9). Minute ventilation, oxygen consumption, heart rate, arterial blood pressure, and blood gases were measured during normoxia and 10 min of hypoxia (fraction of inspired oxygen, 0.10). Basal ventilation was not modified by E. coli endotoxin infusion (mean ± SE, 516 ± 49 versus 539 ± 56 mL/min/kg), but the ventilatory response to hypoxia was markedly attenuated at 1 min (955 ± 57 versus 718 ± 97 mL/min/kg, p < 0.002, saline versus endotoxin) and at 10 min (788 ± 51 versus 624 ± 66 mL/min/kg, p < 0.002). A larger decrease in oxygen consumption was observed during hypoxia and endotoxemia (6.3 ± 2.8 versus 18.3 ± 2.7{\%}, p < 0.03, pre- versus post-endotoxin). A significant correlation was demonstrated between the changes in minute ventilation and oxygen consumption with hypoxia during endotoxemia (r = 0.9, p < 0.002). The ventilatory response to hypoxia was not modified by the saline infusion. These data show a significant attenuation in the ventilatory response to hypoxia during E. coli endotoxemia. This decrease in ventilation was associated with a significant decrease in the metabolic rate during hypoxia and endotoxemia.",
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The effect of Escherichia coli endotoxin infusion on the ventilatory response to hypoxia in unanesthetized newborn piglets. / McDeigan, Gwendolyn E.; Ladino, John; Hehre, Dorothy; Devia, Carlos; Bancalari, Eduardo; Suguihara, Cleide.

In: Pediatric Research, Vol. 53, No. 6, 01.06.2003, p. 950-955.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of Escherichia coli endotoxin infusion on the ventilatory response to hypoxia in unanesthetized newborn piglets

AU - McDeigan, Gwendolyn E.

AU - Ladino, John

AU - Hehre, Dorothy

AU - Devia, Carlos

AU - Bancalari, Eduardo

AU - Suguihara, Cleide

PY - 2003/6/1

Y1 - 2003/6/1

N2 - To determine the effects of endotoxemia on the neonatal ventilatory response to hypoxia, 17 chronically instrumented and unanesthetized newborn piglets (≤7 d) were studied before and 30 min after the administration of Escherichia coli O55:B5 endotoxin (n = 8) or normal saline (n = 9). Minute ventilation, oxygen consumption, heart rate, arterial blood pressure, and blood gases were measured during normoxia and 10 min of hypoxia (fraction of inspired oxygen, 0.10). Basal ventilation was not modified by E. coli endotoxin infusion (mean ± SE, 516 ± 49 versus 539 ± 56 mL/min/kg), but the ventilatory response to hypoxia was markedly attenuated at 1 min (955 ± 57 versus 718 ± 97 mL/min/kg, p < 0.002, saline versus endotoxin) and at 10 min (788 ± 51 versus 624 ± 66 mL/min/kg, p < 0.002). A larger decrease in oxygen consumption was observed during hypoxia and endotoxemia (6.3 ± 2.8 versus 18.3 ± 2.7%, p < 0.03, pre- versus post-endotoxin). A significant correlation was demonstrated between the changes in minute ventilation and oxygen consumption with hypoxia during endotoxemia (r = 0.9, p < 0.002). The ventilatory response to hypoxia was not modified by the saline infusion. These data show a significant attenuation in the ventilatory response to hypoxia during E. coli endotoxemia. This decrease in ventilation was associated with a significant decrease in the metabolic rate during hypoxia and endotoxemia.

AB - To determine the effects of endotoxemia on the neonatal ventilatory response to hypoxia, 17 chronically instrumented and unanesthetized newborn piglets (≤7 d) were studied before and 30 min after the administration of Escherichia coli O55:B5 endotoxin (n = 8) or normal saline (n = 9). Minute ventilation, oxygen consumption, heart rate, arterial blood pressure, and blood gases were measured during normoxia and 10 min of hypoxia (fraction of inspired oxygen, 0.10). Basal ventilation was not modified by E. coli endotoxin infusion (mean ± SE, 516 ± 49 versus 539 ± 56 mL/min/kg), but the ventilatory response to hypoxia was markedly attenuated at 1 min (955 ± 57 versus 718 ± 97 mL/min/kg, p < 0.002, saline versus endotoxin) and at 10 min (788 ± 51 versus 624 ± 66 mL/min/kg, p < 0.002). A larger decrease in oxygen consumption was observed during hypoxia and endotoxemia (6.3 ± 2.8 versus 18.3 ± 2.7%, p < 0.03, pre- versus post-endotoxin). A significant correlation was demonstrated between the changes in minute ventilation and oxygen consumption with hypoxia during endotoxemia (r = 0.9, p < 0.002). The ventilatory response to hypoxia was not modified by the saline infusion. These data show a significant attenuation in the ventilatory response to hypoxia during E. coli endotoxemia. This decrease in ventilation was associated with a significant decrease in the metabolic rate during hypoxia and endotoxemia.

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