Results of the study to determine rotablator and transluminal angioplasty strategy (STRATAS)

Patrick L. Whitlow, Theodore A. Bass, Robert M. Kipperman, Barry L. Sharaf, Kalon K.L. Ho, Donald E. Cutlip, Yan Zhang, Richard E. Kuntz, David O. Williams, David M. Lasorda, Jeffrey W. Moses, Michael J. Cowley, David S. Eccleston, Mark C. Horrigan, Robert M. Bersin, Stephen R. Ramee, Ted Feldman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

102 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rotational atherectomy is used to debulk calcified or complex coronary stenoses. Whether aggressive burr sizing with minimal balloon dilation (<1 atm) to limit deep wall arterial injury improves results is unknown. Patients being considered for elective rotational atherectomy were randomized to either an "aggressive" strategy (n = 249) (maximum burr/artery >0.70 alone, or with adjunctive balloon inflation ≤1 atm), or a "routine" strategy (n = 248) (maximum burr/artery ≤0.70 and routine balloon inflation ≥4 atm). Patient age was 62 ± 11 years. Fifty-nine percent routine and 60% aggressive strategy patients had class III to IV angina. Fifteen percent routine and 16% aggressive strategy patients had a restenotic lesion treated; lesion length was 13.6 versus 13.7 mm. Reference vessel diameter was 2.64 mm. Maximum burr size (1.8 vs 2.1 mm), burr/artery ratio (0.71 vs 0.82), and number of burrs used (1.9 vs 2.7) were greater for the aggressive strategy, p <0.0001. Final minimum lumen diameter and residual stenosis were 1.97 mm and 26% for the routine strategy versus 1.95 mm and 27% for the aggressive strategy. Clinical success was 93.5% for the routine strategy and 93.9% for the aggressive strategy. Creatine kinase-myocardial band (CK-MB) was >5 times normal in 7% of the routine versus 11% of the aggressive group. CK-MB elevation was associated with a decrease in rpm of >5,000 from baseline for a cumulative time >5 seconds, p = 0.002. At 6 months, 22% of the routine patients versus 31% of the aggressive strategy patients had target lesion revascularization. Angiographic follow-up (77%) showed minimum lumen diameter to be 1.26 mm in the routine group versus 1.16 mm in the aggressive group, and the loss index 0.54 versus 0.62. Dichotomous restenosis was 52% for the routine strategy versus 58% for the aggressive strategy. Multivariable analysis indicated that left anterior descending location (odds ratio 1.67, p = 0.02) and operator-reported excessive speed decrease >5,000 rpm (odds ratio 1.74, p = 0.01) were significantly associated with restenosis. Thus, the aggressive rotational atherectomy strategy offers no advantage over more routine burr sizing plus routine angioplasty. Operator technique reflected by an rpm decrease of >5,000 from baseline is associated with CK-MB elevation and restenosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)699-705
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume87
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2001

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Angioplasty
Coronary Atherectomy
Economic Inflation
Arteries
Odds Ratio
Coronary Stenosis
Dilatation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Whitlow, Patrick L. ; Bass, Theodore A. ; Kipperman, Robert M. ; Sharaf, Barry L. ; Ho, Kalon K.L. ; Cutlip, Donald E. ; Zhang, Yan ; Kuntz, Richard E. ; Williams, David O. ; Lasorda, David M. ; Moses, Jeffrey W. ; Cowley, Michael J. ; Eccleston, David S. ; Horrigan, Mark C. ; Bersin, Robert M. ; Ramee, Stephen R. ; Feldman, Ted. / Results of the study to determine rotablator and transluminal angioplasty strategy (STRATAS). In: American Journal of Cardiology. 2001 ; Vol. 87, No. 6. pp. 699-705.
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Whitlow, PL, Bass, TA, Kipperman, RM, Sharaf, BL, Ho, KKL, Cutlip, DE, Zhang, Y, Kuntz, RE, Williams, DO, Lasorda, DM, Moses, JW, Cowley, MJ, Eccleston, DS, Horrigan, MC, Bersin, RM, Ramee, SR & Feldman, T 2001, 'Results of the study to determine rotablator and transluminal angioplasty strategy (STRATAS)', American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 87, no. 6, pp. 699-705. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0002-9149(00)01486-7

Results of the study to determine rotablator and transluminal angioplasty strategy (STRATAS). / Whitlow, Patrick L.; Bass, Theodore A.; Kipperman, Robert M.; Sharaf, Barry L.; Ho, Kalon K.L.; Cutlip, Donald E.; Zhang, Yan; Kuntz, Richard E.; Williams, David O.; Lasorda, David M.; Moses, Jeffrey W.; Cowley, Michael J.; Eccleston, David S.; Horrigan, Mark C.; Bersin, Robert M.; Ramee, Stephen R.; Feldman, Ted.

In: American Journal of Cardiology, Vol. 87, No. 6, 15.03.2001, p. 699-705.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Results of the study to determine rotablator and transluminal angioplasty strategy (STRATAS)

AU - Whitlow, Patrick L.

AU - Bass, Theodore A.

AU - Kipperman, Robert M.

AU - Sharaf, Barry L.

AU - Ho, Kalon K.L.

AU - Cutlip, Donald E.

AU - Zhang, Yan

AU - Kuntz, Richard E.

AU - Williams, David O.

AU - Lasorda, David M.

AU - Moses, Jeffrey W.

AU - Cowley, Michael J.

AU - Eccleston, David S.

AU - Horrigan, Mark C.

AU - Bersin, Robert M.

AU - Ramee, Stephen R.

AU - Feldman, Ted

PY - 2001/3/15

Y1 - 2001/3/15

N2 - Rotational atherectomy is used to debulk calcified or complex coronary stenoses. Whether aggressive burr sizing with minimal balloon dilation (<1 atm) to limit deep wall arterial injury improves results is unknown. Patients being considered for elective rotational atherectomy were randomized to either an "aggressive" strategy (n = 249) (maximum burr/artery >0.70 alone, or with adjunctive balloon inflation ≤1 atm), or a "routine" strategy (n = 248) (maximum burr/artery ≤0.70 and routine balloon inflation ≥4 atm). Patient age was 62 ± 11 years. Fifty-nine percent routine and 60% aggressive strategy patients had class III to IV angina. Fifteen percent routine and 16% aggressive strategy patients had a restenotic lesion treated; lesion length was 13.6 versus 13.7 mm. Reference vessel diameter was 2.64 mm. Maximum burr size (1.8 vs 2.1 mm), burr/artery ratio (0.71 vs 0.82), and number of burrs used (1.9 vs 2.7) were greater for the aggressive strategy, p <0.0001. Final minimum lumen diameter and residual stenosis were 1.97 mm and 26% for the routine strategy versus 1.95 mm and 27% for the aggressive strategy. Clinical success was 93.5% for the routine strategy and 93.9% for the aggressive strategy. Creatine kinase-myocardial band (CK-MB) was >5 times normal in 7% of the routine versus 11% of the aggressive group. CK-MB elevation was associated with a decrease in rpm of >5,000 from baseline for a cumulative time >5 seconds, p = 0.002. At 6 months, 22% of the routine patients versus 31% of the aggressive strategy patients had target lesion revascularization. Angiographic follow-up (77%) showed minimum lumen diameter to be 1.26 mm in the routine group versus 1.16 mm in the aggressive group, and the loss index 0.54 versus 0.62. Dichotomous restenosis was 52% for the routine strategy versus 58% for the aggressive strategy. Multivariable analysis indicated that left anterior descending location (odds ratio 1.67, p = 0.02) and operator-reported excessive speed decrease >5,000 rpm (odds ratio 1.74, p = 0.01) were significantly associated with restenosis. Thus, the aggressive rotational atherectomy strategy offers no advantage over more routine burr sizing plus routine angioplasty. Operator technique reflected by an rpm decrease of >5,000 from baseline is associated with CK-MB elevation and restenosis.

AB - Rotational atherectomy is used to debulk calcified or complex coronary stenoses. Whether aggressive burr sizing with minimal balloon dilation (<1 atm) to limit deep wall arterial injury improves results is unknown. Patients being considered for elective rotational atherectomy were randomized to either an "aggressive" strategy (n = 249) (maximum burr/artery >0.70 alone, or with adjunctive balloon inflation ≤1 atm), or a "routine" strategy (n = 248) (maximum burr/artery ≤0.70 and routine balloon inflation ≥4 atm). Patient age was 62 ± 11 years. Fifty-nine percent routine and 60% aggressive strategy patients had class III to IV angina. Fifteen percent routine and 16% aggressive strategy patients had a restenotic lesion treated; lesion length was 13.6 versus 13.7 mm. Reference vessel diameter was 2.64 mm. Maximum burr size (1.8 vs 2.1 mm), burr/artery ratio (0.71 vs 0.82), and number of burrs used (1.9 vs 2.7) were greater for the aggressive strategy, p <0.0001. Final minimum lumen diameter and residual stenosis were 1.97 mm and 26% for the routine strategy versus 1.95 mm and 27% for the aggressive strategy. Clinical success was 93.5% for the routine strategy and 93.9% for the aggressive strategy. Creatine kinase-myocardial band (CK-MB) was >5 times normal in 7% of the routine versus 11% of the aggressive group. CK-MB elevation was associated with a decrease in rpm of >5,000 from baseline for a cumulative time >5 seconds, p = 0.002. At 6 months, 22% of the routine patients versus 31% of the aggressive strategy patients had target lesion revascularization. Angiographic follow-up (77%) showed minimum lumen diameter to be 1.26 mm in the routine group versus 1.16 mm in the aggressive group, and the loss index 0.54 versus 0.62. Dichotomous restenosis was 52% for the routine strategy versus 58% for the aggressive strategy. Multivariable analysis indicated that left anterior descending location (odds ratio 1.67, p = 0.02) and operator-reported excessive speed decrease >5,000 rpm (odds ratio 1.74, p = 0.01) were significantly associated with restenosis. Thus, the aggressive rotational atherectomy strategy offers no advantage over more routine burr sizing plus routine angioplasty. Operator technique reflected by an rpm decrease of >5,000 from baseline is associated with CK-MB elevation and restenosis.

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