Neurological manifestations of neoplastic and radiation-induced plexopathies

Kurt A. Jaeckle

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Metastatic plexopathy is often a disabling accompaniment of advanced systemic cancer and may involve any of the peripheral nerve plexuses. Brachial plexopathy most commonly occurs in carcinoma of the breast and lung; lumbosacral plexopathy is most common with colorectal and gynecologic tumors, sarcomas, and lymphomas. Regardless of the location, neoplastic plexopathy is often characterized by severe, unrelenting pain. Later, weakness and focal sensory disturbances occur in the distribution of plexus involvement. In previously treated patients, the main differential diagnostic consideration is radiation-induced plexopathy. Treatment of metastatic plexopathy is palliative and includes radiotherapy to the tumor mass, chemotherapy, and symptomatic treatment. In selected cases, subtotal surgical resection of the tumor may be warranted. The response to therapy is modest and generally short-lived. Efforts should be made to provide adequate pain control, maximize remaining neurological function, and prevent complications of immobility produced by the neuromuscular dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)385-393
Number of pages9
JournalSeminars in Neurology
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2004
Externally publishedYes

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Neurologic Manifestations
Radiation
Brachial Plexus Neuropathies
Pain
Neoplasms
Peripheral Nerves
Sarcoma
Colorectal Neoplasms
Lymphoma
Radiotherapy
Therapeutics
Breast Neoplasms
Drug Therapy
Lung

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

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abstract = "Metastatic plexopathy is often a disabling accompaniment of advanced systemic cancer and may involve any of the peripheral nerve plexuses. Brachial plexopathy most commonly occurs in carcinoma of the breast and lung; lumbosacral plexopathy is most common with colorectal and gynecologic tumors, sarcomas, and lymphomas. Regardless of the location, neoplastic plexopathy is often characterized by severe, unrelenting pain. Later, weakness and focal sensory disturbances occur in the distribution of plexus involvement. In previously treated patients, the main differential diagnostic consideration is radiation-induced plexopathy. Treatment of metastatic plexopathy is palliative and includes radiotherapy to the tumor mass, chemotherapy, and symptomatic treatment. In selected cases, subtotal surgical resection of the tumor may be warranted. The response to therapy is modest and generally short-lived. Efforts should be made to provide adequate pain control, maximize remaining neurological function, and prevent complications of immobility produced by the neuromuscular dysfunction.",
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Neurological manifestations of neoplastic and radiation-induced plexopathies. / Jaeckle, Kurt A.

In: Seminars in Neurology, Vol. 24, No. 4, 01.12.2004, p. 385-393.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

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Y1 - 2004/12/1

N2 - Metastatic plexopathy is often a disabling accompaniment of advanced systemic cancer and may involve any of the peripheral nerve plexuses. Brachial plexopathy most commonly occurs in carcinoma of the breast and lung; lumbosacral plexopathy is most common with colorectal and gynecologic tumors, sarcomas, and lymphomas. Regardless of the location, neoplastic plexopathy is often characterized by severe, unrelenting pain. Later, weakness and focal sensory disturbances occur in the distribution of plexus involvement. In previously treated patients, the main differential diagnostic consideration is radiation-induced plexopathy. Treatment of metastatic plexopathy is palliative and includes radiotherapy to the tumor mass, chemotherapy, and symptomatic treatment. In selected cases, subtotal surgical resection of the tumor may be warranted. The response to therapy is modest and generally short-lived. Efforts should be made to provide adequate pain control, maximize remaining neurological function, and prevent complications of immobility produced by the neuromuscular dysfunction.

AB - Metastatic plexopathy is often a disabling accompaniment of advanced systemic cancer and may involve any of the peripheral nerve plexuses. Brachial plexopathy most commonly occurs in carcinoma of the breast and lung; lumbosacral plexopathy is most common with colorectal and gynecologic tumors, sarcomas, and lymphomas. Regardless of the location, neoplastic plexopathy is often characterized by severe, unrelenting pain. Later, weakness and focal sensory disturbances occur in the distribution of plexus involvement. In previously treated patients, the main differential diagnostic consideration is radiation-induced plexopathy. Treatment of metastatic plexopathy is palliative and includes radiotherapy to the tumor mass, chemotherapy, and symptomatic treatment. In selected cases, subtotal surgical resection of the tumor may be warranted. The response to therapy is modest and generally short-lived. Efforts should be made to provide adequate pain control, maximize remaining neurological function, and prevent complications of immobility produced by the neuromuscular dysfunction.

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