Extraperitoneal versus transperitoneal selective paraaortic lymphadenectomy in the pretreatment surgical staging of advanced cervical carcinoma (A Gynecologic Oncology Group study)

Edward B. Weiser, Brian N. Bundy, William J. Hoskins, Paul Heller, Richard R. Whittington, Philip J. DiSaia, Stephen L. Curry, John Schlaerth, J. Tate Thigpen

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Abstract

Two-hundred and eighty-eight patients with predominately stage IIB or IIIB cervical carcinoma underwent pretreatment surgical staging including selective paraaortic lymphadenectomy (SPAL), followed by pelvic irradiation with or without paraaortic irradiation (RT). Four patients were excluded from analysis (two received no RT and two were insufficiently documented). Of the remaining 284 patients, 128 underwent extraperitoneal (EP) SPAL and 156 transperitoneal (TP) SPAL procedures. Age, race, and stage (clinical and surgical), cell type, paraaortic nodal status, and peritoneal cytology findings were similar in both groups. Complications presumed to arise from operative staging were infection, which was similar for both groups, and vascular injury, which was higher in the TP group, although not statistically significant. Complications subsequent to RT fell into two categories: local-pelvic necrosis, vesicovaginal and rectovaginal fistulas, proctitis, etc., and regional-enterovaginal fistula, bowel obstruction, enteritis, bowel perforation, etc. The frequency of local complications was similar for both EP and TP patients. Utilizing univariant analysis, among regional complications, both bowel obstruction and nonobstructive enteric injuries were observed significantly more often in TP patients than in EP patients (11.5% vs 3.9%, P = 0.03, for both types). Multivariant analysis confirmed these observations. This report supports the conclusions that in advanced cervical carcinoma (1) EP- and TP-SPAL are of similar sensitivity in detecting nodal spread, (2) no significant differences in the frequency of surgical complications could be detected between EP- and TP-SPAL groups, and (3) TP-SPAL is associated with a higher frequency of certain postirradiation regional enteric complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)283-289
Number of pages7
JournalGynecologic Oncology
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Lymph Node Excision
Carcinoma
Rectovaginal Fistula
Vesicovaginal Fistula
Proctitis
Enteritis
Vascular System Injuries
Fistula
Cell Biology
Necrosis
Wounds and Injuries
Infection

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

Weiser, Edward B. ; Bundy, Brian N. ; Hoskins, William J. ; Heller, Paul ; Whittington, Richard R. ; DiSaia, Philip J. ; Curry, Stephen L. ; Schlaerth, John ; Thigpen, J. Tate. / Extraperitoneal versus transperitoneal selective paraaortic lymphadenectomy in the pretreatment surgical staging of advanced cervical carcinoma (A Gynecologic Oncology Group study). In: Gynecologic Oncology. 1989 ; Vol. 33, No. 3. pp. 283-289.
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abstract = "Two-hundred and eighty-eight patients with predominately stage IIB or IIIB cervical carcinoma underwent pretreatment surgical staging including selective paraaortic lymphadenectomy (SPAL), followed by pelvic irradiation with or without paraaortic irradiation (RT). Four patients were excluded from analysis (two received no RT and two were insufficiently documented). Of the remaining 284 patients, 128 underwent extraperitoneal (EP) SPAL and 156 transperitoneal (TP) SPAL procedures. Age, race, and stage (clinical and surgical), cell type, paraaortic nodal status, and peritoneal cytology findings were similar in both groups. Complications presumed to arise from operative staging were infection, which was similar for both groups, and vascular injury, which was higher in the TP group, although not statistically significant. Complications subsequent to RT fell into two categories: local-pelvic necrosis, vesicovaginal and rectovaginal fistulas, proctitis, etc., and regional-enterovaginal fistula, bowel obstruction, enteritis, bowel perforation, etc. The frequency of local complications was similar for both EP and TP patients. Utilizing univariant analysis, among regional complications, both bowel obstruction and nonobstructive enteric injuries were observed significantly more often in TP patients than in EP patients (11.5{\%} vs 3.9{\%}, P = 0.03, for both types). Multivariant analysis confirmed these observations. This report supports the conclusions that in advanced cervical carcinoma (1) EP- and TP-SPAL are of similar sensitivity in detecting nodal spread, (2) no significant differences in the frequency of surgical complications could be detected between EP- and TP-SPAL groups, and (3) TP-SPAL is associated with a higher frequency of certain postirradiation regional enteric complications.",
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Extraperitoneal versus transperitoneal selective paraaortic lymphadenectomy in the pretreatment surgical staging of advanced cervical carcinoma (A Gynecologic Oncology Group study). / Weiser, Edward B.; Bundy, Brian N.; Hoskins, William J.; Heller, Paul; Whittington, Richard R.; DiSaia, Philip J.; Curry, Stephen L.; Schlaerth, John; Thigpen, J. Tate.

In: Gynecologic Oncology, Vol. 33, No. 3, 01.01.1989, p. 283-289.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Weiser, Edward B.

AU - Bundy, Brian N.

AU - Hoskins, William J.

AU - Heller, Paul

AU - Whittington, Richard R.

AU - DiSaia, Philip J.

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AU - Schlaerth, John

AU - Thigpen, J. Tate

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Y1 - 1989/1/1

N2 - Two-hundred and eighty-eight patients with predominately stage IIB or IIIB cervical carcinoma underwent pretreatment surgical staging including selective paraaortic lymphadenectomy (SPAL), followed by pelvic irradiation with or without paraaortic irradiation (RT). Four patients were excluded from analysis (two received no RT and two were insufficiently documented). Of the remaining 284 patients, 128 underwent extraperitoneal (EP) SPAL and 156 transperitoneal (TP) SPAL procedures. Age, race, and stage (clinical and surgical), cell type, paraaortic nodal status, and peritoneal cytology findings were similar in both groups. Complications presumed to arise from operative staging were infection, which was similar for both groups, and vascular injury, which was higher in the TP group, although not statistically significant. Complications subsequent to RT fell into two categories: local-pelvic necrosis, vesicovaginal and rectovaginal fistulas, proctitis, etc., and regional-enterovaginal fistula, bowel obstruction, enteritis, bowel perforation, etc. The frequency of local complications was similar for both EP and TP patients. Utilizing univariant analysis, among regional complications, both bowel obstruction and nonobstructive enteric injuries were observed significantly more often in TP patients than in EP patients (11.5% vs 3.9%, P = 0.03, for both types). Multivariant analysis confirmed these observations. This report supports the conclusions that in advanced cervical carcinoma (1) EP- and TP-SPAL are of similar sensitivity in detecting nodal spread, (2) no significant differences in the frequency of surgical complications could be detected between EP- and TP-SPAL groups, and (3) TP-SPAL is associated with a higher frequency of certain postirradiation regional enteric complications.

AB - Two-hundred and eighty-eight patients with predominately stage IIB or IIIB cervical carcinoma underwent pretreatment surgical staging including selective paraaortic lymphadenectomy (SPAL), followed by pelvic irradiation with or without paraaortic irradiation (RT). Four patients were excluded from analysis (two received no RT and two were insufficiently documented). Of the remaining 284 patients, 128 underwent extraperitoneal (EP) SPAL and 156 transperitoneal (TP) SPAL procedures. Age, race, and stage (clinical and surgical), cell type, paraaortic nodal status, and peritoneal cytology findings were similar in both groups. Complications presumed to arise from operative staging were infection, which was similar for both groups, and vascular injury, which was higher in the TP group, although not statistically significant. Complications subsequent to RT fell into two categories: local-pelvic necrosis, vesicovaginal and rectovaginal fistulas, proctitis, etc., and regional-enterovaginal fistula, bowel obstruction, enteritis, bowel perforation, etc. The frequency of local complications was similar for both EP and TP patients. Utilizing univariant analysis, among regional complications, both bowel obstruction and nonobstructive enteric injuries were observed significantly more often in TP patients than in EP patients (11.5% vs 3.9%, P = 0.03, for both types). Multivariant analysis confirmed these observations. This report supports the conclusions that in advanced cervical carcinoma (1) EP- and TP-SPAL are of similar sensitivity in detecting nodal spread, (2) no significant differences in the frequency of surgical complications could be detected between EP- and TP-SPAL groups, and (3) TP-SPAL is associated with a higher frequency of certain postirradiation regional enteric complications.

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