Equestrian trauma: Injury patterns vary among age groups

Jaroslaw W. Bilaniuk, John M. Adams, Louis T. Difazio, Brian K. Siegel, John R. Allegra, Juan J. Luján, Renay Durling-Grover, Joanne Pawar, Rolando Rolandelli, Zoltan H. Nemeth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Patients with equestrian injuries were identified in the trauma registry from 2004 to 2007. We a priori divided patients into three groups: 0 to 18 years, 19 to 49 years, and 50 years old or older. There were 284 patients identified with equestrian-related trauma. Injury Severity Score for the three major age categories 0 to 18 years, 19 to 49 years, and 50 years or older, were 3.47, 5.09, and 6.27, respectively. The most common body region injured among all patients was the head (26.1%). The most common injuries by age group were: 0 to 18 years, upper extremity fractures; 19 to 49 year olds, concussions; and 50 years or older, rib fractures. Significant differences were observed among the three age groups in terms of percent of patients with rib fractures: percent of patients with rib fractures was 2, 8, and 22 per cent in age groups 0 to 18, 19 to 49, and 50 years or older, respectively. We found different patterns of injuries associated with equestrian accidents by age. Head injuries were commonly seen among participants in equestrian activities and helmet use should be promoted to minimize the severity of closed head injuries. Injury patterns also seem to vary among the various age groups that ride horses. This information could be used to better target injury prevention efforts among these patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)396-402
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Surgeon
Volume80
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

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Age Groups
Rib Fractures
Wounds and Injuries
Closed Head Injuries
Head Protective Devices
Body Regions
Injury Severity Score
Craniocerebral Trauma
Upper Extremity
Horses
Accidents
Registries
Head

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Bilaniuk, J. W., Adams, J. M., Difazio, L. T., Siegel, B. K., Allegra, J. R., Luján, J. J., ... Nemeth, Z. H. (2014). Equestrian trauma: Injury patterns vary among age groups. American Surgeon, 80(4), 396-402.
Bilaniuk, Jaroslaw W. ; Adams, John M. ; Difazio, Louis T. ; Siegel, Brian K. ; Allegra, John R. ; Luján, Juan J. ; Durling-Grover, Renay ; Pawar, Joanne ; Rolandelli, Rolando ; Nemeth, Zoltan H. / Equestrian trauma : Injury patterns vary among age groups. In: American Surgeon. 2014 ; Vol. 80, No. 4. pp. 396-402.
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Bilaniuk, JW, Adams, JM, Difazio, LT, Siegel, BK, Allegra, JR, Luján, JJ, Durling-Grover, R, Pawar, J, Rolandelli, R & Nemeth, ZH 2014, 'Equestrian trauma: Injury patterns vary among age groups', American Surgeon, vol. 80, no. 4, pp. 396-402.

Equestrian trauma : Injury patterns vary among age groups. / Bilaniuk, Jaroslaw W.; Adams, John M.; Difazio, Louis T.; Siegel, Brian K.; Allegra, John R.; Luján, Juan J.; Durling-Grover, Renay; Pawar, Joanne; Rolandelli, Rolando; Nemeth, Zoltan H.

In: American Surgeon, Vol. 80, No. 4, 01.01.2014, p. 396-402.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Bilaniuk JW, Adams JM, Difazio LT, Siegel BK, Allegra JR, Luján JJ et al. Equestrian trauma: Injury patterns vary among age groups. American Surgeon. 2014 Jan 1;80(4):396-402.