Central nervous system abnormalities in lyme neuroborreliosis

John Halperin, David J. Volkman, Priscilla Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

127 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Intrathecal production of anti-Borrelia burgdorferi antibody occurs frequently in CNS Lyme, yet reliable diagnosis of neuroborreliosis is still considered difficult and controversial. Therefore, we assessed the utility of this measurement in 103 Lyme patients. Among 15 patients with Lyme meningoradiculitis and 41 controls, diagnostic specificity was 93% and sensitivity 87%. Application of this method permits the identification of a rare B burgdorferi -associated multifocal encephalitis (brain infection) and its differentiation from a milder encephalopathy, or confusional state; the latter may not require CNS bacterial invasion. The encephalitis involves white matter more often than gray; severity varies widely. Of six patients with this antibiotic-responsive encephalitis, five were positive for HLA DQw3(DQw7). We conclude that (1) measurement of intrathecal antibody production is a reliable indicator of CNS infection, (2) North American neuroborreliosis includes the same spectrum of neurologic dysfunction as described in Europe, and (3) HLA typing may be useful in furthering our understanding of severe CNS involvement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1571-1582
Number of pages12
JournalNeurology
Volume41
Issue number10
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991
Externally publishedYes

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Lyme Neuroborreliosis
Nervous System Malformations
Central Nervous System
Encephalitis
Confusion
Histocompatibility Testing
Borrelia burgdorferi
Brain Diseases
Neurologic Manifestations
Antibody Formation
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Antibodies
Brain
Infection

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Halperin, J., Volkman, D. J., & Wu, P. (1991). Central nervous system abnormalities in lyme neuroborreliosis. Neurology, 41(10), 1571-1582.
Halperin, John ; Volkman, David J. ; Wu, Priscilla. / Central nervous system abnormalities in lyme neuroborreliosis. In: Neurology. 1991 ; Vol. 41, No. 10. pp. 1571-1582.
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Halperin, J, Volkman, DJ & Wu, P 1991, 'Central nervous system abnormalities in lyme neuroborreliosis', Neurology, vol. 41, no. 10, pp. 1571-1582.

Central nervous system abnormalities in lyme neuroborreliosis. / Halperin, John; Volkman, David J.; Wu, Priscilla.

In: Neurology, Vol. 41, No. 10, 01.01.1991, p. 1571-1582.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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