Cancers - Associated with HIV infection

B. Safai, R. Lynfield, Dennis Lowenthal, B. Koziner

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The spectrum of neoplastic disease seen in patients with the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is similar to that seen in several congenital and iatrogenic immunodeficiency states and provides a human model for studying neoplastic transformation in the immune compromised host. High grade lymphoid neoplasia, particularly of the central nervous system (CNS), as well as a virulent form of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) and several types of squamous cell carcinomas, are appearing at an alarming rate in patients with AIDS. There is substantial serologic, pathologic and molecular evidence linking cytomegalovirus (CMV) to KS and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) to squamous cell carcinoma and high-grade B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). The human T-cell lymphotropic virus type III/lymphadenopathy associated virus (HTLV-III/LAV) may be responsible for the permissive immune deficient state allowing for opportunistic neoplasia and the aggressive biologic behavior and atypical anatomic distribution these neoplasms exhibit. The clinical features as well as potential etiopathogenetic mechanisms of these malignancies are reviewed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1055-1067
Number of pages13
JournalAnticancer Research
Volume7
Issue number5 B
StatePublished - Dec 1 1987
Externally publishedYes

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HIV Infections
Kaposi's Sarcoma
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Neoplasms
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV
B-Cell Lymphoma
Cytomegalovirus
Human Herpesvirus 4
Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
Central Nervous System

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Cite this

Safai, B., Lynfield, R., Lowenthal, D., & Koziner, B. (1987). Cancers - Associated with HIV infection. Anticancer Research, 7(5 B), 1055-1067.
Safai, B. ; Lynfield, R. ; Lowenthal, Dennis ; Koziner, B. / Cancers - Associated with HIV infection. In: Anticancer Research. 1987 ; Vol. 7, No. 5 B. pp. 1055-1067.
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Safai, B, Lynfield, R, Lowenthal, D & Koziner, B 1987, 'Cancers - Associated with HIV infection', Anticancer Research, vol. 7, no. 5 B, pp. 1055-1067.

Cancers - Associated with HIV infection. / Safai, B.; Lynfield, R.; Lowenthal, Dennis; Koziner, B.

In: Anticancer Research, Vol. 7, No. 5 B, 01.12.1987, p. 1055-1067.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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Safai B, Lynfield R, Lowenthal D, Koziner B. Cancers - Associated with HIV infection. Anticancer Research. 1987 Dec 1;7(5 B):1055-1067.